Exactly a decade ago, in 2010, the tenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP10) to the CBD was held in Aichi, Japan. At this meeting, Aichi Biodiversity Targets was adopted under the long-term vision for 2050: “Living in Harmony with Nature” (the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity). Aichi Biodiversity Targets consisted of twenty global targets, where each target laid out the goals to be achieved by 2020 (or by 2015 for some targets). As such, GBO-5 provides global summary of progress towards these 20 biodiversity targets.
The new report revealed, to our disappointment, that none of the 20 targets have been fully achieved at the global level. Six of them have been partially achieved; 14 haven’t been met. In fact, some indicated a move away from the target, much less progress, specifically: Target 5 [the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced]; Target 8 [pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity]; Target 10 [the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized]; and Target 12 [the conservation status of known threatened species, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained].
The full report also illustrates the links between the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and identifies which target of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets is reflected in which SDG.
The process of developing a post-2020 global biodiversity framework is already underway, and the new framework is expected to be adopted in COP15, which will take place in Kunming, Yunnan province, China. The meeting was originally scheduled this year, but has been postponed to May 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
As the “5” in its title indicates, this report is the fifth edition of Global Biodiversity Outlook. At EcoNetworks, we supported the Japanese translation of GBO-3 (2011) and GBO-4 (2015), and have closely monitored the efforts towards biodiversity conservation around the globe. We will continue to watch the future developments and progress with regard to global biodiversity.
(Michi Goto, English to Japanese Translator)
Photo by Marcello Rabozzi via Pixabay